Selective brain cooling is impaired in REM sleep.

P. L. Parmeggiani, A. Azzaroni, M. Calasso


There are systemic and selective mechanisms for brain cooling in mammals. The difference between the temperatures of the vertebral and the carotid blood perfusing the brain is determined by selective heat loss and is, therefore, a quantitative indicator of the intensity of selective brain cooling. Across the wake-sleep cycle systemic and selective brain cooling are affected by state-dependent autonomic changes. In REM sleep selective brain cooling is impaired.

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